.. various examples Kroll clearly illustrates using a logical as well as an emotional approach that racism has a direct effect on the use of the death penalty. This emotional approach is seen when he provides detailed stories of certain people. Such as: Johnny Johnson came home from church in 1984 to find the body of his wife, her throat cut. His one contact with officials occurred when he was briefly jailed on suspicion of her murder.
Ultimately, an arrest was made, but Mr. Johnson was not informed either of the arrest or of the trial and sentencing. They didn’t tell me nothing, he testified.  Gloria Tells daughter was murdered in 1984. She learned by reading the papers that her daughter’s boyfriend had committed the murder.
She was only informed of the preliminary hearing when she phoned the county jail to inquire. No one from the DA’s office ever bothered to contact her.  The use of ethos and logos is also noticed when Kroll states the opinions of others. For example Former Columbus Superior Court Judge, Albert Thompson, recently described the justice system as having two faces: one white and one black . Kroll also uses the specific dialog between the defendant and the judge to show emphasize on the corruption of the system.
His article is very thorough and convincing. He ends the article with the following quote: ..We remain imprisoned by the past as long as we deny its influence in the present. It is tempting to pretend that minorities on death row share a fate in no way connected to our own, that our treatment of them sounds no echoes beyond the chambers in which they die. Such an illusion is ultimately corrosive, for the reverberations of injustice are not so easily confined.  The subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights can also appreciate this quote.
Since they believe in the same general ideas of the death penalty as Krolls argument, that racial discrimination is a continuing factor in the actions of the justice system. The article also uses a similar stylistic approach to Krolls by the use of many graphs and facts to show patterns of inequality. Except this article focuses on not only the black and white race but also other races such as Asian and Hispanic: 3) 4) The following graphs #3 and #4 were made by the facts from the November 18, 1988, 21 U.S.C SS848 (e)-(q) The committee Analysis of prosecution under the federal death penalty reveals that 89 percent of the defendants selected for capital prosecution has been either African-American or Mexican-American . Moreover the number of prosecutions has been increasing over the past two years with no decline in the racial disparities. All ten of the recently approved federal capital prosecutions have been against black defendants.
This pattern of inequality adds to the mounting evidence that race continues to play an unacceptable part in the application of capital punishment in America today. This article focuses more on the federal level where the cases discussed have almost exclusively involved minority defendants. Whereas in the previous article, written by Kroll, focused more on the district or state level, where racial disparities are most obvious in the selection of cases involving white victims. The racial disparities in the federal records are much more than that of the specific states. The writer successfully asks the audience to develop an understanding using the facts and patterns shown, that racism is a factor in the justice system involving the death penalty.
The writer uses a very descriptive mode of development similar to one that is used in the article written by Richard C. Dieter. By thoroughly explaining and describing different situations in which racism is involved in the decisions of the court, helps to enhance the strength of the argument. The article written by Richard C. Dieter contains two studies, which show the continuing injustice of racism in the application of the death penalty.
The first study documents the infectious presence of racism in the death penalty and demonstrates that this problem has not decreased with time. The other study identifies one of the potential causes for the continuing crisis: those who are making the critical death penalty decisions in this country are almost exclusively white. From the days of slavery in which black people were considered property, through the years of various laws and attempts to gain equality, capital punishment has always been deeply affected by race. Unfortunately the days of racial bias in the death penalty are not left in the past. Dieter talks about the studies of two of the countries foremost researchers on race and capital punishment, law professor David Baldus and statistician George Woodworth, along with colleagues in Philadelphia, who have conducted a careful analysis of race and the death penalty in Philadelphia, which reveal that the odds of receiving a death sentence are nearly four times higher if the defendant is black (Woodworth).
These results were obtained after analyzing and controlling for case differences such as the severity of the crime and the background of the defendant. The data were subjected to various forms of analysis, but the conclusion was clear: blacks were being sentenced to death far in excess of other defendants for similar crimes. The rest of the article contains facts and statistics to prove the above statements. One thing that this writer does to make his argument very convincing is not only to use strong facts and statistics but he uses a form of ethos to appeal to the emotions of the reader. He does this by showing pictures of various people and stating their opinions about the death penalty word for word. He uses not only a descriptive mode of development but also and example illustration method in which he uses various situations and compares them.
All three articles present a similar stand in which they all present arguments that state that racism does indeed play a major role in the actions of the capital punishment system. These articles convey strong negative messages to the use of the death penalty as a form of justice. This negativity is passed on very effectively to the reader by the stylistic methods used by the authors. These methods include very thorough research and statistics as well as an emotional appeal, which makes them convincing and logical and in the end increases the strength of their argument. The articles should be read by the government and justice department, that control the use of the death penalty, specifically the government of the southern states in which the death penalty is predominant.
I believe that the authors main ideas are true and that this form of punishment is very unjust to the minority. There should either be a reformation of the system or the system should be banned all together due to its unethical and unmoral treatment of mankind. Bibliography the study of crime.