.. ften referred to as the sixth sense, the ability to perceive things that havent yet occurred. Sometimes the dreams act as warnings and other times they act as messengers. An ever-growing trend is the idea of being psychic; the idea of this is false because futuristic visions cant occur in the conscious mind (Ullman and Zimmerman, 1979). It is however possible in the subconscious mind.
When someone dreams of a future experience this would display a superconscious dream. Its prophetic in a way and this type of dream was extremely promoted in biblical times. Daniel, form the bible, many times had superconscious dreams as he dealt with Nebuchadnezzar II (king of Babylon). There were many prophets who saw visions of Jesus several hundred years before his birth. These visions had to have been dream imagery because its not possible to have an actual prophetic vision in the conscious.
The reason its impossible is because the mind cant justifiable vision the future while conscious, the individual cannot perceive events of that nature accurately (Freud, 1900). The main problem with superconscious dreaming is that the individual has no way to distinguish between a regular subconscious image and a prophetic image. Only the dreamer can remedy this problem. Constituting the imagery and significance of the dream can do this. The dreamer must also find relations between current events and the dream to make sound decisions on whether it is a superconscious dream or a plain subconscious dream. The idea of having prophetic dreams is somewhat bogus however you must understand the subconscious works in mystique forms (Freud 1900). The second class of dreams is the lucid dreams. Lucid dreaming transpires only if the individual is aware that they are dreaming (Ullman and Zimmerman 1979). Lucid dreams are paradoxes; the individual will be asleep and dreaming but will be awake in their dream.
This form of dreaming often puzzles the dreamer into believing they are actual awake they however are not. The main differential factor for lucid dreaming is that the imagery is sharper and the content is more realistic. The dreamer discovers or concludes that he is in a dream and is able to identify some realistic details are missing. This is often shocking to the dreamer because dream reality does not apply to the physical laws therefore dreams will have a disillusioned appearance (Ullman and Zimmerman 1979). Once lucidity sets in the dreamer may attempt to control the future course of the dream. The lucid stage occurs between being awake and the REM, with this reason in mind the dreamer can assume that if they are having a lucid dream that they are about to awaken (Ullman and Zimmerman 1979).
The next genus of dreams is nightmares. Nightmares are very simple in nature but there is much contained within them. Nightmares come from highly surpressed negative emotion. This negative emotion can be directed toward oneself or an opposing party. The imagery in nightmares is often intense and fearful. The body goes through unusual occurrences, the heart rate will increase, the oculomotor effectors receive impulses at a high rate, and the body temperature climbs due to the nervousness from the nightmare.
An interesting fact on nightmares is that they all end with awakening. The reason for this is simple; the nature of the nightmare is so emotionally overwhelming that the mind is virtually “shaken” out if sleep (Ullman and Zimmerman 1979). Some people often state how they never have nightmares; this is a good thing to be able to say. A person who lacks nightmares is obviously an emotionally stable person. Nightmares can be relaxed by take prescribe drugs that slow down the mind functions, downers if you will.
Another type of dreams is the night terror. Not much is known about night terrors except they are extremely frightening. “It’s frightening but is not unusual or dangerous to a child,” says Harry Abram, M.D., a neurologist with The Nemours Children’s Clinic. Night terrors occur mostly in young children, typically between the ages of 3 to 5 years. Two to 3% of all children will experience episodes of night terrors and children who wet the bed are more likely to have night terrors. The fascinating attribute of night terrors is that they occur in the non-REM sleep and in the deepest sleep possible.
They can last any from ten minutes to an hour. A person experiencing a night terror customarily doesnt wake up until its over. The eyes can sometimes remain open during the entire episode and regularly the body suffers from many excited spasms. Once the victim awakens they cannot recollect any of the nights experiences (Kidshealth.com 1999). The next two species of dream are very frank in their description.
The first one being the sexual dream and the second being the repetitive dream. The sexual dream was analyzed greatly by Sigmund Freud he theorized that sexual dreams came from sexual tension. He felt that sexual tension came from the compelling urge to engage in sexual intercourse. Sexual symbols such as long rod shapes symbolizing the male penis and hollow round shapes symbolizing the female vagina (Freud 1900). Freud thought if either of these symbols appeared in a dream that the individual had surpressed sexual tension within their emotions.
The repetitive dream is best defined as a dream that occurs twice within different REMs. The only reasonable explanation for repetitive dreams is that they are indications of a troublesome but often ignored emotion. They are the way in which the subconscious keeps the individual from suffering complete denial. Repetitive dreams cease once the problem is resolved in daily life or in the dream (Ullman and Zimmerman 1979). Lastly, the plain subconscious dream, this is the dream doesnt fit in to any other dream categories. To put in lay terms it is the “average” dream.
They occur with the REM and are usually not remembered because of the ordinariness. They however are the hardest dreams to understand and interpret because they cant be categorized specifically. Most of them dont have much significant evidence to offer because they are just based upon present daily life and some acute emotions. There are exceptions to this rule. An often-pondered aspect on dreams is sleepwalking and talking. Popular belief thinks that sleepwalking and talking are just individuals acting out what they see in their dreams.
Actually neither of these seems directly linked to dreaming. They occur in the nondreaming phase of sleep and represent transitory releases of speech and motor mechanisms. There is no evidence to why this occurs. Also, a sleepwalker, contrary to popular belief, can injure himself (Ullman and Zimmerman 1979). There are many subsidiary facts about dreams that most people do not know.
One of these is that the older a person gets the less dreams they will have and the vaguer they appear. It has also been proven through research that using drugs such as stimulates increases the possibility of nightmares and other intense dreams. The reason for this is the change in chemicals within the brain. While an individual takes stimulates they will experience very exaggerated distorted dreams, where as a person taking depressive drugs, like Ridilin, will have slower less precise dreams. Finally one of the most shocking aspects of dreams is the fact that people can physically die while having them. This belief is completely theoretical and cant be proven however it is very fascinating.
This scenario takes place mostly in elderly people. What causes the physical death is a highly complicated and intense dream. The origin of dreams like this is unknown however there have been cases of people dying of a form of shock. The brain cant control the immense stimulation therefore it burns itself up. Let me once again state that this is theoretical and not proven. Dreams as you now know are very enigmatic and very complex. Yet, it is through this enigmatic manifestation that we can learn what lurks behind stage in our minds.
Dreams prove just how diverse humans can be when it comes to emotions. I hope you have gained insight not only to dreams but how to better understand yourself, I leave you with this “Learn your theories as well as you can, but put them aside when you touch the miracle of a living soul”(Jung, 1945). Carl Jung is correct, it is good to learn the theories on dreams but remember what dreams are..”a living soul.” Bibliography Abram, Harry, M.D. “Coping with Night Terrors”. The Nemours Foundation Web Site. Retrieved February 3, 2000 from the World Wide Web: http://www.kidshealth.org/parent/behavior/nghtter. html Davidmann, Manfred.
“How the Human Brain Developed and How the Human Mind Works”. Retrieved February 3, 2000 from the World Wide Web: http://www.solbaram.org/articles/humind.html Freud, Sigmund. Beyond the Pleasure Principal. New York: Liveright Publishing, 1950. Freud, Sigmund. The Interpretations of Dreams.
Psych Web. Retrieved February 1, 2000 from the World Wide Web: http://www.psychwww.com/books/interp/toc.htm Jung, Carl. On the Nature of Dreams. Jungian Psychology Articles Web Site. Retrieved January 30, 2000 from the World Wide Web: http://www.cgjung.com/articles/cgjdream.html Ullman, Montague and Zimmerman, Nan. Working With Dreams.
New York: Delacrote Press, 1979.