Aids And Std Education

.. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Sexually transmitted diseases are a major health concern for our country. With the spread of AIDS among so many people, both gay and heterosexual, it is important that we understand how these diseases spread and what we can do to prevent them. During the 1980s, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, the cause of AIDS, emerged as a leading cause of death in the United.States). In 1993, HIV infection became the most common cause of death among persons aged 25-44 years.(Center for Disease Control) Studies have shown a need for educational interventions and future in-depth studies of college students.

An example is a study which showed that a group of college males who had a history of sexually transmitted diseases, high numbers of sexual partners and inconsistent condom use still perceived their risk of HIV/AIDS infection as very low.(Sawyer and Moss, 93). This study will investigate peoples understanding of AIDS, HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. It will show that more education is necessary to help control the spread of these diseases .The hypothesis for this research is the following. People do not have an accurate understanding of AIDS, HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. More education is needed for the general population. Sexually transmitted diseases are a major health concern for our country. With the spread of AIDS among so many people, both gay and heterosexual, it is important that we understand how these diseases spread and what we can do to prevent them.

During the 1980s, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, the cause of AIDS, emerged as a leading cause of death in the United.States). In 1993, HIV infection became the most common cause of death among persons aged 25-44 years.(Center for Disease Control) Studies have shown a need for educational interventions and future in-depth studies of college students. An example is a study which showed that a group of college males who had a history of sexually transmitted diseases, high numbers of sexual partners and inconsistent condom use still perceived their risk of HIV/AIDS infection as very low.(Sawyer and Moss, 93). College students are probably the best informed about AIDS and yet they still need more education as their sexual behavior indicates. If this group of well educated individuals needs more education, what does the general public need in the area of AIDS and sexually transmitted disease education. The way most people learn is through the news, magazines and the newspaper.

I do not think that this is enough.This study will investigate peoples understanding of AIDS, HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. It will show that more education is necessary to help control the spread of these diseases .The hypothesis for this research is the following. People do not have an accurate understanding of AIDS, HIV and sexually transmitted diseases. More education is needed for the general population. SURVEY Survey instructions The following questions are a survey being done for a Psychology 221 research course.

There are 20 questions about your ideas, beliefs and sexual behavior related to HIV and Sexually transmitted diseases. The time to complete this survey should be 15 to 20 minutes, so please take your time and consider each question carefully and try to answer as truthfully as possible. The survey is completely confidential as I will not ask for your name or student ID. Number. The purpose of this survey is to better understand the need for HIV and Sexually Transmitted Diseases education.

If at any time you do not feel comfortable responding to a statement you may skip it or decide to stop taking the survey. If you decide to stop taking the survey and leave please take the unfinished survey with you to discard to assure your privacy. Each statement is responded to by circling the most correct number under each statement. Your answers are numbered from 1 through 4. Below is a chart explaining the rating for each answer. 1. Totally disagree or None of the time 2.

Disagree somewhat or Sometimes 3. Agree somewhat or Usually 4. Totally agree or All the time Consent Form Date I, , state that I am over 18 years of age and that I voluntarily agree to participate in a research project conducted by psychology student at . The research is being conducted in order to better understand the need for HIV and Sexually Transmitted Disease education. The specific task I will perform requires me to fill out a survey about my beliefs about HIV and sexually transmitted diseases, my chances of getting the HIV virus and my beliefs concerning condom use and safe sex practices.

I will not be asked to identify myself in relation to the survey which I fill out. I acknowledge that has explained the task to me fully; has informed me that I may withdraw from participation at any time without prejudice or penalty; has offered to answer any questions I might have concerning the research procedure; has assured me that any information that I give will be used for research purposes only and will be kept confidential. I also acknowledge that the benefits derived from, or rewards given for, my participation have been fully explained to me-as well as alternative methods if available, for earning these rewards-and that I have been promised, upon completion of the research task, a brief description of the role my specific performance plays in this project. There will be no reimbursement for your participation from me ( ) or the school. SIGNATURE OF RESEARCHER SIGNATURE OF PARTICIPANT Education Needed for AIDS, HIV and Sexually Transmitted Diseases Abstract Results of the survey have shown a need for additional education of males concerning AIDS awareness and education.

Females, (89%) did very well on the variable which was measured for satisfactory knowledge and awareness of AIDS and sexually transmitted disease. Males, (65%) did also score well on this variable. This leaves us with 35% of the males needing more education and 11% of the females needing to increase there awareness and education. The rather large number of males needing further education tend to support my hypotheses that yes more education is necessary. On the whole, people are better informed than had originally been hypothesized. Measures Survey My age is My sex is My education level is Check one, I am single , married , divorced I have children and their ages are 1-10 , 11-15 , 16-20 , 21+ 1.

Aids is a lower income and gay problem, I don’t need to worry. 2. I would never go out with someone who was HIV positive, or who had AIDS. 3. I worry about my children’s future and them getting AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases.

4. People now have fewer sex partners due to AIDS. 5. People use condoms more frequently because of AIDS. 6.

I would be comfortable eating lunch with someone with HIV or AIDS. 7. People do not use condoms as much after they have been drinking. 8. People know enough about AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases.

9. I would be comfortable shaking hands with someone who has AIDS. 10. As long as you only have one sex partner you are safe. 11.

I don’t worry about sexually transmitted diseases. 12. I believe that our educational system has been effective in presenting AIDS related information to students. 13. I am very well informed about HIV, AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases. 14.

We spend too much money on AIDS related research. It would be better spent on cancer research which is more important. 15. I do not think HIV and AIDS is such a big problem anymore. 16.

I would not have unprotected sex with someone unless they got tested first. 17. People are more likely to become sexually involved if they have been drinking. 18. I would feel comfortable discussing condom use with a potential sexual partner before ever having any sexual contact. 19.

Most single people usually have had a few drinks before they have sex. 20. People who get HIV and AIDS kind of deserve it for being stupid 1———-2—————-3——————4 Circle 1 for totally disagree 2 for somewhat disagree 3 for somewhat agree 4 totally agree References Nicholas D. Ritchie, PhD, and Adelaide Getty, RN, BHS, CHES (1994). Did an AIDS peer education program change first-year college students’ behaviors? The journal of American college Health , January vol 42, 163-166 Dona Schneider, PhD, MPH; Micheal R. Greenberg, PhD; Monica Devanas, PhD; Anu Sajja, MPH; Fern Goodhart, CHES; and David Burns, AM (1994). Evaluating HIV/AIDS Education in the University Setting.

Journal of American College Health, vol 43, 11-15. James Jaccard, PhD; Ruth Andrea Levinson, PhD; and Luann Beamer, MA. (1994). Student Opinion Leaders and HIV/AIDS Knowledge and Risk Behavior. Journal of American College Health, 1995, vol 43, (5) March, p 216- 223 Barbara A De Buono,M.D., M.P.H., Stephen H Zinner, M.D., Maxim Daamen, M.D., and William M. McCormack, M.D. (1989).

Sexual behavior of college women in 1975, 1986, and 1989. New England Journal of Medicine, 1990 vol 322 (12), March. P 821-825 Robin G Sawyer,Phd, and Donald J. Moss, MD. (1993). Sexually transmitted diseases in college men: A preliminary clinical investigation.

Journal of American College Health 1993, vol 42 (3) November, p111-115 Anita Raj, M.S., and Robert H Pollack, PhD., (1995). Factors predicting High-Risk sexual behavior in hetrosexual college females. Journal of sex and marital Therapy, Vol. 21, No.3, Fall, 213-223 Francoise S. Kusseling, MOB; Neil S. Wenger, MD, MPH; and Martin F.

Shapiro, MD, PhD. (1995). Inconsistent Contraceptive Use Among Female College Students: Implications for Intervention. Vol 43,march191-194 Tina M. Brien,MSEd; Dennis L. Thombs, PhD; Colleen A. Mahoney,PhD; and Larry Wallnau, PhD. Dimensions of Self-Efficacy Among Three Distinct Groups of Condom Users.

Journal of American College Health Vol 42 January Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 1996 Vol. 45, No. 6 February 16 Philip W Meilman PhD. Alcohol Induced Sexual Behavior on Campus. Journal of American College Health. Vol 42, (1) July 1993 p 27-31.