Acts And Theophilus

.. Luke, went northward through Macedonia. Whilst the vessel which conveyed the rest of the party sailed from Troas to Assos, Paul gained some time by making the journey by land. At Assos he went on board again. Coasting along by Mitylene, Chios, Samos and Trogyllium, they arrived at Miletus.

At Miletus, however there was time to send to Ephesus, and the elders of the church were invited to come down to him there. This meeting is made the occasion for recording another characteristic and representative address of St. Paul. The course of the voyage from Miletas was by Coos and Rhodes to Patara, and from Patara in another vessel past Cyprus to Tyre. Here Paul and his company spent seven days.

From Tyre they sailed to Ptolemais, where they spent one day, and from Ptolemais proceeded, apparently by land, to Caesarea. They now “tarried many days” at Caesarea. During this interval the prophet Agabus, came down from Jerusalem, and crowned the previous intimations of danger with a prediction expressively delivered. At this stage a final effort was made to dissuade Paul from going up to Jerusalem, by the Christians of Caesarea and by his travelling companions. After a while they went up to Jerusalem and were gladly received by the brethren. This is St. Paul’s fifth an last visit to Jerusalem. St. Paul’s imprisonment: Jerusalem.

Spring, A.D. 58. –He who was thus conducted into Jerusalem by a company of anxious friends had become by this time a man of considerable fame among his countrymen. He was widely known as one who had taught with pre-eminent boldness that a way into God’s favor was opened to the Gentiles, and that this way did not lie through the door of the Jewish law. He had thus roused against himself the bitter enmity of that unfathomable Jewish pride which was almost us strong in some of those who had professed the faith of Jesus as in their unconverted brethren. He was now approaching a crisis in the long struggle, and the shadow of it has been made to rest upon his mind throughout his journey to Jerusalem. He came “ready to die for the name of the Lord Jesus,” but he came expressly to prove himself a faithful Jew and this purpose is shown at every point of the history. Certain Jews from “Asia,” who had come up for the Pentecostal feast, and who had a personal knowledge of Paul, saw him in the temple.

They set upon him at once, and stirred up the people against him. There was instantly a great commotion; Paul was dragged out of the temple, the doors of which were immediately shut, and the people having him in their hands, were going to kill him. Paul was rescued from the violence of the multitude by the Roman officer, who made him his own prisoner, causing him to be chained to two soldiers, and then proceeded to inquire who he was and what he had done. The inquiry only elicited confused outcries, and the “chief captain” seems to have imagined that the apostle might perhaps be a certain Egyptian pretender who recently stirred up a considerable rising of the people. The account In the tells us with graphic touches how St.

Paul obtained leave and opportunity to address the people in a discourse which is related at length. Until the hated word of a mission to the Gentiles had been spoken, the Jews had listened to the speaker. “Away with such a fellow from the earth,” the multitude now shouted; “it is not fit that he should live.” The Roman commander seeing the tumult that arose might well conclude that St. Paul had committed some heinous offence; and carrying him off, he gave orders that he should be forced by scourging to confess his crime. Again the apostle took advantage of his Roman citizenship to protect himself from such an outrage. The chief captain set him free from bonds, but on the next day called together the chief priests and the Sanhedrin, and brought Paul as a prisoner before them. On the next day a conspiracy was formed which the historian relates with a singular fullness of detail.

More than forty of the Jews bound themselves under a curse neither to eat nor drink until they had killed Paul. The plot was discovered, and St. Paul was hurried away from Jerusalem. The chief captain, Claudius Lysias determined to send him to Caesarea to Felix, the governor or procurator of Judea. He therefor put him in charge of a strong guard of soldiers, who took him by night as far as Antipatris.

From thence a smaller detachment conveyed him to Caesarea, where they delivered up their prisoner into the hands of the governor. Imprisonment at Caesarea. A.D. 58-60. –St. Paul was henceforth to the end of the period embraced in the Acts, if not to the end of his life, in Roman custody.

This custody was in fact a protection to him, without which he would have fallen a victim to the animosity of the Jews. He seems to have been treated throughout with humanity and consideration. The governor before whom he was now to be tried, according to Tacitus and Josephus, was a mean and dissolute tyrant. After hearing St, Paul’s accusers and the apostle’s defense, Felix made an excuse for putting off the matter, and gave orders that the prisoner should be treated with indulgence and that his friends should be allowed free access to him. After a while he heard him again. St.

Paul remained in custody until Felix left the province. The unprincipled governor had good reason to seek to ingratiate himself with the Jews; and to please them, be handed over Paul, as an untried prisoner, to his successor, Festus. Upon his arrival in the province, Festus went up without delay from Caesarea to Jerusalem, and the leading Jews seized the opportunity of asking that Paul might be brought up there for trial intending to assassinate him by the way. But Festus would not comply with their request, He invited them to follow him on his speedy return to Caesarea, and a trial took place there, closely resembling that before Felix. “They had certain questions against him,” Festus says to Agrippa, “of their own superstition (or religion), and of one Jesus, who was dead, whom Paul affirmed to be alive. And being puzzled for my part as to such inquiries, I asked him whether he would go to Jerusalem to be tried there.” This proposal, not a very likely one to be accepted, was the occasion of St.

Paul’s appeal to Caesar. The appeal having been allowed, Festus reflected that he must send with the prisoner a report of “the crimes laid against him.” He therefore took advantage of an opportunity which offered itself in a few days to seek some help in the matter. The Jewish prince Agrippa arrived with his sister Bernice on a visit to the new governor. To him Festus communicated his perplexity. Agrippa expressed a desire to hear Paul himself.

Accordingly Paul conducted his defense before the king; and when it was concluded Festus and Agrippa, and their companions, consulted together, and came to the conclusion that the accused was guilty of nothing that deserved death or imprisonment. “Agrippa’s final answer to the inquiry of Festus was, “This man might have been set at liberty, if he had not appealed unto Caesar.” The voyage to Rome and shipwreck. Autumn, A.D. 60. –No formal trial of St.

Paul had yet taken place. After a while arrangements were made to carry “Paul and certain other prisoners,” in the custody of a centurion named Julius, into Italy; and amongst the company, whether by favor or from any other reason, we find the historian of the Acts, who in chapters 27 and 28 gives a graphic description of the voyage to Rome and the shipwreck on the Island of Melita or Malta. After a three-months stay in Malta the soldiers and their prisoners left in an Alexandria ship for Italy. They touched at Syracuse, where they stayed three days, and at Rhegium, from which place they were carried with a fair wind to Puteoli, where they left their ship and the sea. At Puteoli they found “brethren,” for it was an important place and especially a chief port for the traffic between Alexandria and Rome; and by these brethren they were exhorted to stay a while with them. Permission seems to have been granted by the centurion; and whilst they were spending seven days at Puteoli news of the apostle’s arrival was sent to Rome.

(Spring, A.D. 61.) First imprisonment of St. Paul at Rome. A.D. 61-63.

–On their arrival at Rome the centurion delivered up his prisoners into the proper custody that of the praetorian prefect. Paul was at once treated with special consideration and was allowed to dwell by himself with the soldier who guarded him. He was now therefore free “to preach the gospel to them that were at Rome also;” and proceeded without delay to act upon his rule – -“to the Jews first,” But as of old, the reception of his message by the Jews was not favorable. He turned, therefore, again to the Gentiles, and for two years he dwelt in his own hired house. These are the last words of the Acts.

But St. Paul’s career is not abruptly closed. Before he himself fades out of our sight in the twilight of ecclesiastical tradition, we have letters written by himself which contribute some particulars to his biography. Period of the later epistles. –To that imprisonment to which St.

Luke has introduced us — the imprisonment which lasted for such a tedious time, though tempered by much indulgence –belongs the noble group of letters to Philemon, to the Colossians, to the Ephesians and to the Philippians. The three former of these were written at one time, and sent by the same messengers. Whether that to the Philippians was written before or after these we cannot determine; but the tone of it seems to imply that a crisis was approaching, and therefore it is commonly regarded us the latest of the four. In this epistle St. Paul twice expresses a confident hope that before long he may be able to visit the Philippians in person. (Philemon 1:25; Philemon 2:24) Whether this hope was fulfilled or not has been the occasion of much controversy. According to the general opinion the apostle was liberated from imprisonment at the end of two years, having been acquitted by Nero A.D.

63, and left Rome soon after writing the letter to the Philippians. He spent some time in visits to Greece, Asia Minor and Spain, and during the latter part of this time wrote the letters (first epistles) to Timothy and Titus from Macedonia, A.D. 65. After these were written he was apprehended again and sent to Rome. Second imprisonment at Rome.

A.D. 65-67. –The apostle appears now to have been treated not as an honorable state prisoner but as a felon, (2 Timothy) but he was allowed to write the second letter to Timothy, A.D. 67. For what remains we have the concurrent testimony of ecclesiastical antiquity that he was beheaded at Rome, by Nero in the great persecutions of the Christians by that emperor, A.D.

67 (Smith). 46. Simon The persecution of the church in Jerusalem sent disciples everywhere preaching the word. Phillip went to Samaria where he preached and performed miracles. Multitudes believed and were baptized. Simon practiced sorcery or “magic” for a living. He was held in great esteem by the people. However, at the preaching and miracles of Philip, he believed and was baptized.

Peter and John came so that the new Christians could receive the Holy Spirit. Simon tried to purchase the gift of God and was rebuked by Peter (Henneke). 47. Eunuch He was an Ethiopian Nobleman. Philip was sent to an area of desert outside of Jerusalem by an angel. There he met the Ethiopian nobleman who had been to Jerusalem to worship.

He was reading from Isaiah as he traveled. Philip was directed by the Spirit to overtake the chariot. He then proceeded to use the passage in Isaiah to preach Jesus Christ. The Ethiopian requested to be baptized. Philip heard his confession of faith and then baptized him. Philip was taken away by the Spirit of the Lord.

The nobleman went on his way rejoicing (Henneke). 48. Ananias A Christian at Damascus. He became Paul’s instructor; but when or by what means he himself became a Christian we have no information. He was “a devout man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews which dwelt” at Damascus (Lockyer).

49. Aeneas A paralytic healed by Paul. 50. Cornelius The Centurion-at the time the events in Acts chapter 10 occurred, the Roman army of occupation in Judea consisted of 5 cohorts, containing a total of approximately 3,400 men. A typical cohort consisted of 600 men. The Italian cohort of which Cornelius was a centurion was composed of Romans. The other four cohorts were composed mainly of Samaritans and Syrian Greeks.

In Acts 27:1, it is mentioned that Julius was a centurion in the Augustan cohort also stationed at Caeserea. In Acts 23:18, Claudius Lysias is named as the commander of the large cohort (1000 men) stationed at Jerusalem. Cornelius- His name meant “of a horn” and was that of a distinguished Roman family. Cornelius may, therefore, have been a man of political importance. Cornelius was..

A. Devout B. Feared God with his household C. Benevolent D. Prayerful E. Well spoken of by the entire Jewish nation F. A soldier (Henneke) 51. Agabus Agabus was a New Testament Prophet.

This was the first mention of the gift of prophecy among the disciples. He foretold a famine which would occur throughout the world. The brethren in Antioch believed Agabus and prepared for the famine. They even sent relief to Judea even though the famine was to include them. The famine occurred during the time of Claudius Caesar.

He foretold Paul’s arrest in Jerusalem. The brethren did not want Paul to go to Jerusalem. Paul was determined to go anyway. “The will of the Lord be done.” (Henneke) 52. Claudius The fourth Roman emperor.

He succeeded Caligula (A.D. 41). Though in general he treated the Jews, especially those in Asia and Egypt, with great indulgence, yet about the middle of his reign (A.D. 49) he banished them all from Rome (Acts 18:2). In this edict the Christians were included, as being, as was supposed, a sect of Jews.

The Jews, however soon again returned to Rome. During the reign of this emperor, several persecutions of the Christians by the Jews took place in the dominions of Herod Agrippa, in one of which the apostle James was “killed” (12:2). He died A.D. 54 (Smith). 53.

King Herod Herod Agrippa I was the grandson of Herod the Great. Secular history records that while living in Rome, he became a favorite of Emperor Caligula who gave him a kingdom subsequently enlarged by Claudius to include all of Palestine. Apparently, to please the Jews, he joined his government to the persecution of the church. Herod the persecutor. He had the apostle James beheaded. This occurred about ten years after the death of Jesus.

He then arrested and imprisoned Peter under heavy guard. The church prayed fervently for Peter. Unknown to the soldiers, an angel led Peter from the prison. This caused no small disturbance among the soldiers. Peter presented himself to the brethren and departed to another place. Herod ordered the execution of the soldiers. The death of Herod.

At Caesarea, Herod celebrated a festival in honor of Emperor Claudius. He addressed the people (clad in a garment fashioned of silver-Josephus). The people exclaimed that “he is a god.” An angel struck him because he did not give God the glory. He was eaten by worms and died. Josephus wrote that this death took five days (Henneke). 54.

John (Mark) First mentioned in Acts 12:12 where saints had gathered in the home of John Mark’s mother. They were praying for Peter who had been imprisoned by Herod. Peter was released miraculously and Herod died soon thereafter. John Mark saw the power of God in the defeat of Herod and the spread of the Church. He Joined Barnabas and Saul in their ministry. He was present at the conversion of the proconsul in Salamis and the defeat of Elymas the sorcerer.

John went with Paul as far as Pamphylia, but then left the group to return to Jerusalem. Later, Paul and Barnabas disagreed over whether to take John Mark with them. Mark went with Barnabas to Cyprus. However, Paul tells the Church at Colossae to welcome John Mark (Col. 4:10).

John Mark became a useful worker for the Lord (2 Tim. 4:11; Phil. 24; 1 Pet. 5:13). He is the author of the book of Mark. He was Barnabas cousin (Henneke).

55. Barnabas the Prophet Same as Barnabas whom traveled with Paul. He was also seen as a prophet. 56. Simeon (Niger) A devout Jew, inspired by the Holy Ghost, who met the parents of our Lord in the temple, took him in his arms, and gave thanks for what he saw and knew of Jesus. (Luke 2:25-35;) There was a Simeon who succeeded his father Hillel as president of the Sanhedrin about A.D.

13, and whose son Gamaliel was the Pharisee at whose feet St. Paul was brought up. It has been conjectured that he may be the Simeon of St. Luke (Smith). 57.

Lucius A Christian teacher at Antioch (Acts 13:1), and Paul’s kinsman (Rom. 16:21). His name is Latin, but his birthplace seems to indicate that he was one of the Jews of Cyrene, in North Africa (Smith). 58. Manaen He was one of the teachers and prophets in the church at Antioch at the time of the appointment of Saul and Barnabas as missionaries to the heathen.

He is said to have been brought up with Herod Antipas. He was probably his foster-brother (Smith). 59. Saul the prophet *See Saul above, different name. 60. Bar-Jesus Also known as Elymas was a magician, a Jewish false prophet, whose name was Bar-Jesus. Elymas opposed Barnabas and Saul seeking to turn Sergius Paulus from the faith.

Paul rebuked him and struck him with temporary blindness. This is the only recorded miracle wrought by an apostle to the injury of a person. Paul said that he was: Full of guile and fraud. A son of the devil. An enemy of righteousness.

A perverter of the right ways of the Lord (Henneke). 61. Sergius Paulus. Roman proconsul of Cyprus at Paphos. A man of understanding. Sought to hear the word of God from Barnabas and Saul.

Believed after Paul struck Elymas with blindness for hindering the gospel. Saul now called Paul (a name which he used thereafter) Paul now recognized as the dominant member of his company (Henneke). 62. Elymas *See Bar-Jesus 63. King Saul From the Old Testament, he was Solomons son. 64.

Zeus Roman god of all gods. 65. Hermes Messenger to the gods. 66. Pharisees They were a religious party or school among the Jews at the time of Christ, so called from perishin, the Aramaic form of the Hebrew word perushim, “separated.” The chief sects among the Jews were the Pharisees, the Sadducees and the Essenes, who may be described respectively as the Formalists, the Freethinkers and the Puritans. A knowledge of the opinions and practices of the Pharisees at the time of Christ is of great importance for entering deeply into the genius of the Christian religion.

A cursory perusal of the Gospels is sufficient to show that Christ’s teaching was in some respects thoroughly antagonistic to theirs. He denounced them in the bitterest language; see (Matthew 15:7,8; Matthew 23:5,13,14,15,23; Mark 7:6; Luke 11:42-44;) and compare (Mark 7:1-5; Mark 11:29; Mark 12:19,20; Luke 6:28,37-42;) To understand the Pharisees is by contrast an aid toward understanding the spirit of uncorrupted Christianity. (Henneke) 67. Sadducees 68. Silas Silas is first seen as a messenger for the church in Jerusalem. He and Judas were prophets and they stayed to strengthen the saints in Antioch.

He was also a Roman citizen. When Paul and Barnabas disagreed over John Mark, Paul took Silas with him to Syria and Cilicia. Paul and Silas stayed with Lydia in Phillipi where Silas was arrested along with Paul. They preached to the Phillipian Jailer and his family. Silas went with Paul to Thessalonica where there was trouble with the envious Jews. They were sent away by night to Berea.

When the Jews followed them to stir up trouble, Silas and Timothy stayed while Paul went on to Athens. Silas and Timothy caught up with Paul in Corinth. Silas continued to serve the Lord and the apostles (2 Cor. 1:19; 1 Thes. 1:1; 2 Thes.

1:1; 1 Pet. 5:12) (Henneke). 69. Barsabbas, Judas A Christian teacher, surnamed Barsabas. He was sent from Jerusalem to Antioch along with Paul and Barnabas with the decision of the council.

He was a “prophet” and a “chief man among the brethren.” (Easton) 70. Timothy A man form Lystra whose mother is Unice. He had a greek father but became a traveler with Paul. He was circumcised by Paul. 71. Luke (we) Luke appears to have been with Jesus during His ministry.

He wrote the books of Luke and Acts. Luke records the travels of Paul as an eyewitness. He was with Paul on the trip to Macedonia. Luke was also with Paul on his return to Troas. He accompanied Paul to Miletus and on to Jerusalem.

Luke traveled with Paul to Rome and suffered through the same shipwreck. He remained in Rome while Paul was in prison. For a time he was Paul’s only companion. Luke was a physician. He was also an excellent writer and historian (Henneke). 72.

Jason He is called the Thessalonian, entertained Paul and Silas, and was in consequence attacked by the Jewish mob. (A.D. 48.) He is probably the same as the Jason mentioned in (Romans 16:21;) It is conjectured that Jason and Secundus, were the same. 73. Dionysius A member of the Athenina supreme court at Athens who became a Christian. 74. Aquilla He was a tent maker.

His wife was Pricilla. 75. Titius Justus Paul stayed at his house in Corinth because his house was next to the synagogue. 76. Crispus. He was the ruler of the Jewish Synagogue and one the few mentioned to as being personally baptized by Paul. 77.

Gallio The Roman Proconsul of Achia, the elder brother of Seneca, described by Seneca as a man of extreme amiability of character. 78. Apollos He was a Jew of Alexandria. He was knowledgeable about the scriptures and taught at the synagogue in Ephesus “teaching accurately the things concerning Jesus, being acquainted only with the baptism of John” Taught the way of God “more accurately” by Priscilla and Aquila. Went to Greece to teach Strengthened the church in Corinth (I Cor. 3:6).

Some brethren in Corinth set up an Apollos faction (I Cor. 3:4-7). Reluctant to return to Corinth from Ephesus (I Cor. 16-12. Commended by Paul to Titus (Titus 3:13) (Henneke). 79.

Seven sons of Sceva They were possessed with demons. 80. Erastus One of the attendants of St. Paul at Ephesus, who with Timothy was sent forward into Macedonia. (A.D. 51.) He is probably the same with Erastus who is again mentioned in the salutations to Timothy. (Smith) 81.

Demetrius A silversmith in Ephesus who made silver models for the Diana Temple, he incited the mob against Paul (Lockyer). 82. Gaius A Macedonian, Paul’s fellow-traveler, and his host at Corinth when he wrote his Epistle to the Romans. He with his household were baptized by Paul. During a heathen outbreak against Paul at Ephesus the mob seized Gaius and Aristarchus because they could not find Paul, and rushed with them into the theatre (Easton).

83. Aristarchus One of Pauls travel companions. He had been imprisoned with him (Lockyer). 84. Artemis Was not a man.

Sorry but I did not want to retype it all. 85. Sopatar A fellow traveler with Paul in Berea. He is said to have Noble background. 86. Secundas He accompanied Paul from Macedonia to Asia Minor. 87. Tychius A christen in Asia Minor who traveled with Paul at times.

88. Trophimus He was falsely accused of entering the gates to the temple with Paul, he was not aloud in because he was a gentile. 89. Mnasan A Christian of Jerusalem with whom Paul lodged . He was apparently a native of Cyprus, like Barnabas, and was well known to the Christians of Caesarea.

He was an “old disciple” he had become a Christian in the beginning of the formation of the Church in Jerusalem (Lockyer). 90.Claudius Lysias He was a Greek who, having obtained by purchase the privilege of Roman citizenship, took the name of Claudius (Smith). 91. Ananias The high priest before whom Paul was brought in the procuratorship of Felix. He was so enraged at Paul’s noble declaration, “I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day,” that he commanded one of his attendants to smite him on the mouth. Smarting under this unprovoked insult, Paul quickly replied, “God shall smite thee, thou whited wall.” Being reminded that Ananias was the high priest, to whose office all respect was to be paid, he answered, “I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest” (Acts 23:5). This expression has occasioned some difficulty, as it is scarcely probable that Paul should have been ignorant of so public a fact.

The expression may mean (a) that Paul had at the moment overlooked the honour due to the high priest; or (b), as others think, that Paul spoke ironically, as if he had said, “The high priest breaking the law! God’s high priest a tyrant and a lawbreaker! I see a man in white robes, and have heard his voice, but surely it cannot, it ought not to be, the voice of the high priest.” (c) Others think that from defect of sight Paul could not observe that the speaker was the high priest. In all this, however, it may be explained, Paul, with all his excellency, comes short of the example of his divine Master, who, when he was reviled, reviled not again (Easton). 92. Felix The Roman governor of Palestine who succeeded Pilate in that position (Caesarea was the Roman capitol of Judea). He was married to Drusilla, the daughter of Herod Agrippa I. Josephus records that he had taken Drusilla from another man and was living in adultery.

Tacitus, a historian of the day, recorded that Felix exercised his authority with every kind of cruelty and lust. Paul was sent as a prisoner from Claudius Lysias to Felix. Jews of Jerusalem went to Felix to present their case against Paul. Tertullus was brought forth as an attorney against Paul. Paul was accused of being a troublemaker with three charges.

He was accused of exciting the Jews to insurrection. He was accused of being a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes. He was accused of attempting to profane the temple. Paul answered each charge. He had only come to Jerusalem 12 days earlier and had been in prison for 5 days.

That was hardly enough time to start an insurrection. He confessed to be following Jesus the Nazarene and claimed to believe in the law and the prophets, to hoping for a resurrection, and to living a conscientious life. He stated that he was obeying the law when found in the temple, not profaning it. Those witnesses who found him in the temple had not been called to testify. Felix kept Paul in prison but allowed him visitors.

Paul had the opportunity to preach to Felix and Drusilla. He reasoned with them of righteousness, temperance, and the judgment to come. Felix trembled at Paul’s preaching but chose to wait for a convenient season. Felix hoped to receive money in order to release Paul. Secular history records that Felix was removed from office after accusations of the mishandling of his position (Henneke).

93. Tertullus A modification of “Tertius;” a Roman advocate, whom the Jews employed to state their case against Paul in the presence of Felix. The charges he adduced against the apostle were, “First, that he created disturbances among the Romans throughout the empire, an offence against the Roman government (crimen majestatis). Secondly, that he was a ringleader of the sect of the Nazarenes; disturbed the Jews in the exercise of their religion, guaranteed by the state; introduced new gods, a thing prohibited by the Romans. And thirdly, that he attempted to profane the temple, a crime which the Jews were permitted to punish.” (Lockyer) 94. Porcius Festus He succeeded Felix as governor of Palestine. The Jews renewed their case against Paul with the new governor.

The Jews brought charges against Paul which they could not prove. Paul pleaded his innocence to their charges. Paul should have been released since he was not proven guilty of any crime. However, Festus wanted to please the Jews, and he asked if Paul would be willing to be tried in Jerusalem. Paul knew he stood a better chance of justice before Caesar than before the Sanhedrein, so he appealed to Caesar.

Under Roman law, when a citizen appealed to Caesar, all proceedings stopped, and he and his accusers were sent to Rome. Festus discussed Paul’s case with King Agrippa (Henneke). 95. Caesar The emperor of the Roman territory. 96.

King Agrippa This was Herod Agrippa II. He was the son of Herod Agrippa I who killed the apostle James. He was the nephew of Herod Antipas who killed John the Baptist and mocked Jesus during His trial. He was the great grandson of Herod the Great who killed the children of Bethlehem after Jesus was born. Josephus recorded that Caesar had entrusted Agrippa with the oversight of religious affairs in Jerusalem since he knew the Jewish religion very well. He was about 31 years old when he heard Paul’s case.

Festus wanted Agrippa to help him with a letter to Caesar stating why Paul was being sent, so Agrippa wanted to hear Paul’s case. Paul spoke before Agrippa, Bernice, Festus, and other important people. Paul spent his youth as a strict Pharisee. At that time he was convinced he should do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth. He imprisoned Christians and even consented to their death.

He said the appearance of Jesus to him on the road to Damascus is what changed his life. Paul did not disobey Jesus’ instructions but began preaching that people should repent and turn to God. He said he was arrested for teaching what Moses and the prophets had taught, that Jesus would suffer and be raised to give light to all. Festus thought Paul was mad when he spoke of the resurrection, but Paul said he was speaking the truth. Agrippa said that with a little persuasion, Paul might have made him a Christian.

Paul desired that all would become Christians. Festus and Agrippa agreed that Paul had done nothing worthy of death (Henneke). 97. Julius, centurion The centurion of “Augustus’ band,” to whose charge St. Paul was delivered when he was sent prisoner from Caesarea to Rome. 98. Publicus The Lead man on the island Malta where Paul had shipwrecked.

Bibliography Website Karl Hennecke. Smith Bible Dictionary. 1992. Website eDictionary/ Easton Bible Dictionary. 1993. Lockyer, Herbert.

All the Men of the Bible. Zondervan. Grand Rapids. 1958. Alexander, George. The Handbook of Biblical Personalities. Seabury Press.

New York. 1962.